Tissue grafting is used when gum recession has taken place and is performed at our Bowmanville dental practice by a periodontal specialist (periodontist).
Gum Recession is a common dental problem affecting 4% to 12% of adults.
Many people don't even notice that their gums have receded since it is a gradual process. If not treated, recession can cause tooth loss. To repair the damage and prevent further dental problems, a gum tissue graft may be needed.
Gum Tissue Graft: What type of grafts are there?
Gum tissue can start to recede from several causes, such as improper brushing technique, genetics or poor oral hygiene. Recession can cause tooth sensitivity or make the tooth look excessively long. It can also cause damage to supporting bone.
Connective-tissue grafts: this is the most common method used to treat root exposure. During the procedure, a flap is cut into the roof of your mouth, tissue is removed and then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root.
Free gingival grafts: similar to a connective-tissue graft, free gingival grafts involve the use of tissue from the roof of the mouth. But instead of making a flap and removing tissue under the top layer of flesh, a small amount of tissue is removed directly from the roof of the mouth and then attached to the gum area being treated. This method is used most often in people who have thin gums to begin with and need additional tissue to enlarge the gums.
Pedicle grafts: in this procedure, the graft is taken from gum around or near the tooth needing repair. The flap, called a pedicle, is only partially cut away so that one edge remains attached. The gum is then pulled over or down to cover the exposed root and sewn into place. This procedure can only be done in people who have plenty of gum tissue near the tooth.
Recovery From Gum Tissue Graft
You will be able to go home following the gum tissue graft procedure.
Our dentists will provide you with specific instructions regarding postoperative care, including proper diet, physical activity, and recommended medications.
Do not floss or brush the gum line that was repaired until the area has healed.
You will be asked to rinse your mouth with a special mouth rinse to help control plaque during the healing process and you may be put on an antibiotic to reduce the risk of infection.